The area around the Niagara Falls took around 123,000 years to be made and it is an incredible natural wonder. The history of the natural wonder dates back thousands of years to the Ice Age. The melting ice released substantial cascades which eventually led to the birth of the Niagara River. If you are willing to witness the extraordinary beauty of the falls, you can opt for Niagara Falls tours from Toronto.
Formation of the Niagara Falls
If the geographical facts are taken in consideration, the Niagara Falls is very young. Around 12,000 years ago, the water moved over the edge of the Niagara Escarpment which is a steep slope running east/ west from New York through Michigan, Ontario, Illinois and Wisconsin. The names Niagara Escarpment was given because the cliff over the river drops off at the Niagara Falls.
The formation of the Niagara Falls took a very long time and the process is continuing even today. The rocks under the surface wear out, gradual erosion takes place and periodic rock-falls occurs moving the Niagara Falls upstream. These activities are a result of the annual thawing and freezing of the Niagara River.
After the introduction of the modern influences, the rate of wearing away has been reduced. A lot of remedial work is done in order to preserve the Falls and the volume of water has been reduced by using it to generate hydroelectric power. Niagara Falls tours from Toronto helps you to enjoy a complete visit of the region.
Discovery of the Niagara Falls
The first people to witness the majestic Niagara Falls were the Native Americans who were living in the Niagara area. Father Louis Hennepin, a French priest is known to be the first individual who documented the area. In 1678, he had been out on an expedition when he witnessed the significance and size of the Niagara Falls. After returning to France he published an account of his expedition in A New Discovery. The Niagara Falls had received all the attention from the western world for the first time because of the book and it led to the further exploration of the area. Many tourists opt for Niagara Falls tours from Toronto to get a glimpse of the Falls.
After the rail system was developed in 1800s, the Niagara Falls witnessed a lot of visitors and it became one of the most coveted destinations for travellers across the globe. In 1804, Jerome, the younger brother of Napoleon Bonaparte had visited the Niagara Falls along with his wife for their honeymoon. He is considered to be the first person to start the trend of visiting the Niagara Falls for honeymoon. If you are planning your honeymoon at the Falls, then you can opt for Niagara Falls tours from Toronto.
Power of the Niagara Falls
The industrialists who used the force of the water to drive mills and factories were attracted because of the potential power of the majestic falls. In 1895, the Niagara Falls witnessed the world’s first large-scale hydroelectricity generation station. Only the direct current system was used in the plant and it could transmit electricity up to a distance of only 100 yards.
In 1896, Nikola Tesla, the well-known electrical engineer had proved that the electricity generated from the Niagara Falls could be transmitted to Buffalo, New York. Tesla had made use of his new alternating current induction motor for the transmission. This was the first time the AC system was used to transmit electricity for commercial purposes. One of the most important products of the Niagara Falls is hydroelectricity and you can witness the natural beauty by opting for Niagara Falls tours from Toronto.